ROMAN IMPERIAL COINAGE
BRITANNIC COINAGE OF THE FIRST TETRARCHY
AD 296-305

POST-INVASION COINAGE PRODUCED IN BRITAIN

Last updated: 10 July 2016

[Constantius coin photo]
CONSTANTIUS

On this page: The re-opening of the London Mint by Constantius, the Intermediate Group coinage proposed by Bastien and the production of coins in Britain catalogued in RIC, Vol. VI, LONDINIUM as Group I (which present problems of great difficulty according to Sutherland in his introductory notes) Class II and Class III. What happened to Class I? See below for the answer. 2016-01-30

After his restoration of Britain to the Empire, Constantius re-opened the London Mint, now as an official facility with one officina (workshop), which continued to operate until its closure in 325.

Undoubtedly, much of the early unmarked coinage was produced at the London Mint using British die engravers and other workers, formerly employed by the Carausius - Allectus Mints, now supervised and mixed in with Lugdunese mint workers who accompanied the Constantius invasion force.

Random notes relating to the early coinage produced in Britain

Categorization according to Sutherland (RIC) - my summary - all except (i) unmarked (no mint mark), mostly simply cuirassed obverse busts (some also draped/mantled):

Categorization according to Stewartby - my summary - all except Group Ia & Group Ib unmarked (no mint mark), cuirassed obverse busts (some also draped/mantled/robed):

Initial series of coins produced at the London Mint in 297

The initial folles c. 297, again issued in the names of Diocletian & Maximian Herculius as Augustus and Constantius & Galerius Maximian as Caesar, closely followed the design, size and weight of the unknown Continental Mint coinage except they now bore a LON mint mark in the reverse exergue.


RIC Volume VI, Londinium, Group I, (i), folles, No. 1-5, c. 297, 11.0-9.5 gm, 28/26 mm. Obverses and Reverses in the style of the unknown Continental Mint invasion coinage. Laureate head, right, with bare neck truncation. NOTE: Class I category descriptor is found in RIC VI, Lugdunum, Group I (page 243). 2010-08-11


RIC VI, Londinium, Diocletian, No. 1a

[Diocletian coin photo] [Diocletian coin photo]
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG .................... GENIO POPV -- LI ROMANI
LON
in exergue


actual size of coin
weight: 9.5 grams

Similar to RIC Volume VI, Plate 1, 1a.

It is now generally accepted that these LON mint marked, and succeeding unmarked, folles were indeed produced in Britain.

Intermediate Group (Bastien) unmarked coins

Following is my concept of how the Intermediate Group coinage of Bastien might be incorporated into the RIC VOLUME VI, LONDINIUM, GROUP I classification scheme. Of course, RIC itself can only be changed by the Publisher.

Group I folles

LON mint mark and laureate heads

Intermediate Group - unmarked with (typically) Lugdunum style heads/busts and London style lettering
.......... (a) laureate heads
.......... (b) laureate and cuirassed busts


unmarked with cuirassed busts
......... (a) With small heads on tall necks
......... (b) With larger, elongated heads on shorter necks

unmarked with large, spread busts


Intermediate Group (Bastien) - unmarked folles with (typically) Lugdunum style heads/busts and London style lettering .......... (a) with laureate heads .......... (b) with laureate and cuirassed busts. The JPINT numbers accompanying the following Intermediate Group coins are in accordance with my personal classification scheme.


Galerius, London, Intermediate Group (Bastien: a) - laureate head - not in RIC (JPINT1).

[Galerius coin photo] [Galerius coin photo]
C VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB C ........................... GENIO POPV -- LI ROMANI

[Galerius coin photo]
actual size of coin
weight: 10.0 grams

Archetypal Intermediate Group (Bastien: a) - Unmarked follis with Lugdunum style laureate head and bare, truncated neck. London style lettering - not in RIC. 2010-08-08


Constantius, London, Intermediate Group (Bastien: b) - Cuirassed, laureate bust - problematical in RIC as No. 20. (JPINT2).

[Constantius coin photo] [Galerius coin photo]
FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C ........................... GENIO POPV -- LI ROMANI

[Constantius coin photo]
actual size of coin
weight: 8.8 grams

Cuirassed, laureate bust in fine style with the laurel wreath long ribbon laying on the neck. The obverse legend is rendered using typical British small, compact and thick letterforms, while the reverse legend is rendered using the typical Lugdunese somewhat larger and more delicate letterforms. Problematical in RIC as No. 20. 2010-08-08

Succeeding unmarked Group I folles

The obverse busts are mostly simply curaissed, however, some are also draped and/or with helmets, spears and shields, etc.


RIC Volume VI, Londinium, Group I, (ii), folles, Class II, (a), No. 6-16, c. 300 onward, 11.0-9.5 gm, 28/26 mm. Laureate bust, right, cuirassed, or cuirassed and draped - small head on a tall neck, reminiscent of some of the Carausius ~ Allectus coinage.


RIC VI, Londinium, Diocletian, No. 6a

[Diocletian coin photo] [Diocletian coin photo]
IMP C DIOCLETIANVS PF AVG .............................. GENIO POPV -- LI ROMANI


actual size of coin
weight: 10.3 grams


RIC Volume VI, Londinium, Group I, (ii), folles, Class II, (b), No. 17-22, c. 300 onward, 10.8-9.0 gm, 27/26 mm. Laureate bust, right, cuirassed, or cuirassed and draped - shorter necks and proportional heads.


RIC VI, Londinium, Galerius, No. 21

[Galerius coin photo] [Galerius coin photo]
MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES .............................. GENIO POPV -- LI ROMANI


actual size of coin
weight: 10.2 grams

Example of "palmed cuirass" as described by Stewartby (Numismatic Chronicle article "Early Tetrarchic Coins of London from the Market Stainton Finds" ( Plate 28 - 26 & 27).


RIC Volume VI, Londinium, Group I, (iii), folles, Class III, No. 23-39, c. 303 onward, 10.8-9.0 gm, 27/26 mm. Large, spread, laureate bust, right, cuirassed, or cuirassed and draped.


RIC VI, Londinium, Galerius Maximian, No. 33

[Galerius coin photo] [Galerius coin photo]
MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C ................................. GENIO POPV -- LI ROMANI


actual size of coin
weight: 10.2 grams


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