THE COINAGE ISSUED BY CONSTANTIUS (294-306)
~ Restorer of Secessionist Britain to the Roman Empire ~

Coinage Characteristics

Folles catalogued in RIC (Roman Imperial Coinage), Volume VI, Londinium & Lugdunum

Last updated: 6 June 2017


Augustus and Caesar name forms and common usage:

For Headers in RIC .......................... In RIC Text .......................... By Collectors & Dealers
DIOCLETIAN ..................................... DIOCLETIAN ................................. DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS ................... HERCULIUS .................................. MAXIMIANUS
GALERIUS MAXIMIAN ..................... GALERIUS ...................................... GALERIUS
CONSTANTIUS ................................. CONSTANTIUS .............................. CONSTANTIUS I
SEVERUS ......................................... SEVERUS ....................................... SEVERUS II
MAXIMINUS ...................................... MAXIMINUS .................................... MAXIMINUS II
CONSTANTINE ................................. CONSTANTINE ............................... CONSTANTINE I

Note: Caution should be exercised when attributing the coins of Galerius Maximian & Maximian Herculius due to the similarity of their titulature. Galerius Maximian was both Caesar and Augustus during this time period whereas Maximian Herculius was always only Augustus. Therefor, coins bearing the titulature MAXIMIANVS and NOBIL CAES, NOB CAES, NOBIL C, etc.can only be those of Galerius Maximian. There is a special problem with Galerius as Augustus coins: The titulature is exactly the same as that of Maximian Herculius and frequently the only way to differentiate between the two is by the portraiture on the coin obverse.


Composition -- bronze with a silver wash.


Weight range -- Typically 11.0 to 8.5 gm.


Mints -- A quantity of Constantius "Invasion coinage" was produced at a temporary Continental Mint (exact location unknown, although some French researchers and collectors list it as Boulogne), manned by Lugdunese workers. All other issues were produced at the London mint formerly operated by the usurper Emperors Carausius/Allectus now re-opened (most likely consisting of just one officina) by Constantius.


Obverse depiction -- Almost always (and throughout these pages) cuirassed (sometimes draped) right facing busts (but occasionally bare neck truncated) with a laureate head.

[Constantius coin photo] [Constantius coin photo]
Cuirassed bust with laureate head ................. Bare neck truncated bust with laureate head


Obverse inscription (legend) -- Around periphery -- names and titulature reading clockwise

Following is a key for name and titulature abbreviations:


Reverse depiction -- Almost always (and on these pages) a representation of the Genius of the Roman People standing, facing left, head surmounted by a modius, naked except for a chlamys over the left shoulder, holding a patera in the right hand and cradling a cornucopia in the left arm.

[Constantius coin photo]
Depiction of Genius of the Roman people


Reverse inscription (legend) -- around periphery, reading clockwise GENIO POPVLI ROMANI without a mint mark (often referred to as unmarked) except for the very early Group I coins (RIC numbers 1a through 5) that have LON in the exergue.


Reverse axis -- 6 or 12 o'clock


Primary reference for coins on these pages -- The Roman Imperial Coinage (RIC), Spink & Son Ltd., London, Volume VI

The end of Constantius Coinage

On 1 May 305 Constantius succeeded Maximian Herculius as Augustus of the West and Galerius Maximian succeeded Diocletian as Augustus of the East, as planned. Flavius Valerius Severus (Severus) was appointed Caesar of the West and Galerius Valerius Maximinus Daia (Maximinus) was appointed Caesar of the East.

Constantius died at Eboracum (York) in Britain during a campaign against the warlike tribes of the North on 25 July 306. Just before he died, Constantius conferred Imperium on his son, Flavius Valerius Constantinus (later Constantine the Great). Although his army wanted to proclaim Constantine Augustus, Galerius Maximian, the now de-facto senior Augustus, proclaimed him Caesar of the West and elevated Severus to Augustus of the West in accordance with the rules for succession.

The London Mint continued to operate until AD 325, mostly under the auspicies of Constantine.


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